There’s always new knowledge, beliefs, values and skills for learners to acquire and this in turn may also result in learners having to unlearn older knowledge or skills. This means that unlearning may involve going back (reflecting) to where you were before you have learnt whatever you are now unlearning.
You may well then think that your current state of knowledge is currently insufficient, and you must continue to learn on what you have previously learnt. Thus, you cannot go back in time, but, in light to any updated knowledge you can adjust the way you behave.
The Brazilian educator Paulo Freire is a useful example of a person going back to where they were (what was thought about an issue by an individual) before having the lived experience of poverty and adjusting behaviour due to updated knowledge. Therefore, in reflection, Freire adjusted the way he behaved towards the oppressed.
Paulo Freire who came from a middle-class family, in his book ‘Pedagogy of the Oppressed’, gives a good example of changes a person can make following considering new knowledge and experiences. This involved Paulo’s family losing their wealth and having the experience of living in poverty. Freire found himself sharing the plight of the absolute poor. Thus, in reflection, Freire learned about hunger, fell behind in school and vowed to dedicate his life to challenge issues of hunger. He then went on to help to ‘empower countless impoverished and illiterate people’.
Social Policy and the Poor Law sample 2006 pptx