Knowing about factors related to Mental ill health as well as Physical health, can contribute to promoting the wellbeing of individuals. Experiencing mental ill health may involve having to face personal transitions, that are not necessarily shared or understood by members of the family or significant people in their support network. Such transitions include:
- family illness or the death of a close relative;
- divorce and family break-up;
- issues related to sexuality;
- the process of asylum;
- parental mental health;
- losing their home,
- loss of a job and the consequences of crime.
Like physical ill health, mental ill health may impact on the lives of individuals and those who play an important role in their lives. In addition, the impact of mental ill health on significant people in a person’s life may sometimes be unseen by supporting some public services.
Factors, such as discrimination, prejudice and stigma may also impact on perceptions and understanding of mental ill health and its consequences. However, early intervention and recognition of indicators of mental ill health can be useful in promoting mental health and wellbeing. Half of all mental health problems emerge before the age of 14 and three quarters by age 25. Inequality underlies many risk factors for mental health problems, and needs to be addressed through the wider determinants of health which are outlined in ‘Understanding place’ and ‘Understanding people’, Public Health England (2017).
Some Mental Ill Heath Indicators (Pearson, BTEC Level 3 Diploma in Adult Care Unit 12: Understand Mental Ill Health)
- Emotional, e.g. low mood, feeling sad or down, excessive fears or worries, or extreme feelings of guilt, extreme mood changes of highs and lows, inability to cope with daily problems or stress, trouble understanding and relating to situations and to people.
Thinking, e.g. confused thinking or reduced ability to concentrate, suicidal thinking.
- Behaviour, e.g. excessive anger, hostility or violence, Withdrawal from friends and activities, detachment from reality (delusions), paranoia or hallucinations.
- Physical, e.g., significant tiredness, alcohol or drug abuse, major changes in eating habits, low energy or problems sleeping, headache, stomach pain or other unexplained aches and pains.
In addition, the following groups are identified at being of high risk of mental ill Health (Public Health England, 2017
- black and minority ethnic groups (BAME)
- people living with physical disabilities
- people living with learning disabilities
- Prison population and offenders
- LGBT people
- people with sensory impairment
- homeless people
- refugees, asylum seekers and stateless person
Thus, in addition to mental ill health indicators, specific groups of people ‘are at a higher risk of mental health problems because of greater exposure and vulnerability to unfavourable social, economic, and environmental circumstances’, Mental Health Foundation, facts about Mental Health (2016:56).
However, there are those who think that we all have the ability within us to improve aspects of our well-being. ‘No matter what challenges we face, everyone has the ability to take steps to look after and improve their mental health and wellbeing’ (NHS 2017).
Click here: Working With Mental ILL Health to download the EMPT Working With Mental ILL Health Sample Slides.
Click the following links for other useful information:
Oliver from rehap4addiction has provided the following information: My name is Oliver and I operate a national drug and alcohol addiction advice helpline called “Rehab 4 Addiction”. I started this free helpline back in 2011. You can find my website here: http://www.rehab4addiction.co.uk
Rehab 4 Addiction offers a free hotline dedicated to assisting those suffering from drug, alcohol and mental health issues. Rehab 4 Addiction was established in 2011 by people who overcame addiction themselves. You can contact Rehab 4 Addiction on 0800 140 4690.